Tewdrig

The pedigrees in the first table relate to Tewdrig, king of Gwent, of gen. 1. As stated in JC 9, he was the son of Llywarch. In two later documents, ABT 15a and MP 3b of the 15th and 16th C respectively, he is mistakenly given a father named Teithfall , a conflation with the Tewdrig of the second table below. The Liber Landavensis tells of his martyrdom. It was foretold that following his victory over the Saxons there would be peace for 30 years. The renewed conflict is referred to in the ASC under the year 577. The LL also mentions Teilo receiving gifts from him.

Gen. ABT 15a HG 28 HG 29 JC 9 seg.
JC 10a MP 3a
MP 3b seg.
19 Morgan
18 Caradog Caradog
17 Iestyn Iestyn
16 Gwrgan Gwrgan
15 Ithel Ithel
14 Idwallon Idwallon
13 Morgan Mawr Morgan Hen Morgan Hen Morgan (Mwyn)fawr [Hen]
12 Owain Owain Owain Owain
11 Hywel Brochwel Hywel Hywel Hywel
10 Rhys Meurig Rhys Rhys Rhys Meurig
9 Arthfael Ithel Arthfael Arthfael Arthfael Arthfael Arthfael
8 [Gwriad] Athrwys [Gwriad] Gwriad [Gwriad] Gwriad [Gwriad]
7 [Brochwel] Ffernfael [Brochwel] Brochwel Cenedlon Brochwel [Brochwel]
6 Rhys Ithel Rhys Rhys Briafael Frydig Rhys
5 (Ithel) [Einudd] [Einudd] (Ithel) [Einudd] [Ei]Nudd (Hael) Llywarch Einudd
4 Morgan Morgan Morgan Morgan Tewdwr Morgan
3 Athrwys Athrwys Athrwys Peibio Glafrog Athrwys
2 Meurig [Meurig] Meurig Arbeth Meurig
1 Tewdrig Tewdrig Tewdrig Dyfrig St. Tewdrig
0 (Teithfall) [Llywarch] Llywarch [Efrddyl] (Teithfall) [Llywarch]
-1 Nynnio Nynnio Peibio Nynnio
-2 Erb Erb Erb
-3 Erbic Erbic Erbic
-4 Meurig Meurig
-5 Enynny Enynny

The table is in accordance with the following data:
St. Dyrfrig died 612.
Morgan ab Athrwys died 665.
Ffernfael ab Ithel died 775.
Ithel ab Athrwys died 848.
Meurig ab Arthfael (brother of Rhys) died 874.
Hywel ap Rhys died 886.

Owain ap Hywel submitted to Æthelstan according to ASC D for the year 926, which refers to him as “Uwen Wenta cyning”. He was a contemporary of Bishop Cyfeiliog who the LL states died in 927. The bishop is also mentioned in the ASC A under the year 914.
Morgan Hen died 974 and contemporary of King Edgar. His mother was probably Nest ferch Rhodri Mawr.

HG 28 gives the pedigree for the rulers of Glywysing whereas HG 29 gives that for Gwent. This is confirmed by Asser 80. Note, HG 29a and ABT 15a incorrectly name, in gen. 5, Ithel instead of Einudd as he had a son called Rhys who was confused with a son of Ithel of gen. 6, who was also called Rhys and who was a brother of Ffernfael according to LL. Later, the corruption Iudhail, which was the early form of the name Ithel,  was itself corrupted to Nudd Hael in JC 9. The pedigrees in the second table are relevant to the earlier Tewdrig ap Teithfall, king of Garthmadrun.

Gen. JC 1a
JC 1b
V. Cadoci 46a
V. Cadoci 46c
1 Cadog Cadog
0 Cynog Gwladus Gwladus
-1 Brychan Brychan Brychan [Brychan]
-2 [Anlach] Marchell Anlach Marchell
-3 Coronac Tewdrig [Coronac] Tewdrig
-4 Eurbre Wyddel Teithfall Eurbre Wyddel  Teithfall
-5 Teithrin Brusc
-6 Briscethach

Gwladus ferch Brychan was a contemporary of Arthur.

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Nowy ab Arthur

The Liber Landavensis states:

“Noe ab Arthur … gave … ,in the first place, Penn Alun, with its territory, without any payment to mortal man, besides to God, and to Archbishop Dubricius, and the church of Llandaff … and also Llandeilo fawr, on the banks of the Towy, with its two territories, where Teilo, the pupil and disciple of St. Dubricius dwelt; and likewise the territory of the Aquilensians, on the banks of the river Tâf. Noe placed his hands on the four Gospels, and committed to the hand of Archbishop Dubricius this alms forever …[1]

… the lands of the Church of Llandaff, namely, Penaly, and Llandeilo fawr, and Llandyfrgwyr, which had before belonged to Archbishop Dubricius, and from the time of Noe son of Arthur …”[2]

Baring-Gould and Fisher noted:

“The grant of Llanddowror, with Penally and Llandeilo Fawr, to Dubricius by Nouy or Noë ab Arthur1 is clearly a forgery, as the latter lived at a much later period. Noë was the father of Sannan, the mother of Elisse, King of Powys circa 725-750, to whose memory the Valle Crucis pillar was set up.”[3]

Bartrum, referring to the above authors wrote:

“Noe filius Arthur occurs in the Book of Llandaf as the donor of land in Penalun [Penally] in Dyfed (BLD 77), but the charter is clearly a forgery (LBS II.401), pretending that the original recipient of the land was Dubricius.”[4]

Although Bartrum did not accept the above genealogy cited by Baring-Gould and Fisher, see Sanan ferch Elise, he dated Nowy to c. 580 and came to the same conclusion concerning the authenticity of the charter. The reality is that this entry was not a forgery. Nowy ab Arthur belonged to gen. 1, see Why Bartrum’s dating of the Demetian Arthur is wrong, as did Dubricius as can be seen in the table below.

Gen. JC 9 seg.
JC 10a
13 Morgan Hen Morgan Hen
12 Owain Owain
11 Hywel Hywel
10 Rhys Rhys
9 Arthfael Arthfael
8 Gwriad [Gwriad]
7 Brochwel Cenedlon
6 Rhys Briafael Frydig
5 Nudd Hael Llywarch
4 Morgan Tewdwr
3 Athrwys Peibio Glafoeriog
2 Meurig Arberth
1 Tewdrig St. Dyfrig (Dubricius)
0 Llywarch [Efryddyl]
-1 Nynnio Peibio
-2 Erb
-3 Erbic
-4 [Creirwy]
-5 Meurig
-6 Enynny
-7 Erbic
-8 Meurig
-9 Caradog Freichfras

Note, it was through Cenedlon’s marriage to Briafael Frydig that her descendants becaume rulers of Glywysing. Morgan Hen died in the year 974 and Dubricius in the year 612. In Culhwch ac Olwen the brothers Nynnio and Peibio appear transformed into oxen.

[1] Rees, W. J., 1840, 321
[2] Ibid., 374
[3] Baring-Gould, S., Fisher, J., 1908, 401
[4] Bartrum, P. C., 2009, 579