Badbury Rings

Badbury is a strong candidate for the location of Arthur’s battle of Baddon. It is a large Iron Age hillfort located at the intersection of Roman roads. These connect it to Poole Harbour, the Ridgeway, Salisbury (Sorbiodunum) and Dorchester (Durnovaria). The entries for Cerdic and Cynric in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle suggest it would have been an area fought over by the emerging kingdom of Wessex. It is close to the Roman military base at Hod Hill which is next to the River Stour and used the port at Hengistbury Head.

An archaeological excavation took place at Badbury in 2004. Besides the expected material from the Iron Age, the finds included a late Roman bronze spiral ring on a chalk floor which had charcoal, all three samples of which were dated to the period 480 to 520.

A site close to Badbury rings has been identified with the name Vindocladia which appears in the Antonine Itinerary. Finds discovered there indicate it was a Romano-Celtic temple. The structues religious purpose was first identified in 1975 by Bryan Pybus. Its location is identified below.

Martin Papworth. 2014, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History & Archaeological Society Vol. 135

National Trust Heritage Records

This may well have been dedicated to the goddesses Badones Reginae as they have been identified with the name Mons Badonicus.[1] There is a votive inscription from Apulum, that is modern day Alba Iulia in Romania, with their names, see below.

Epigraphic Database Heidelberg

[1] Szabó, C., Boda, I., 2019, 11.